Arabian American Center Details Training & Development
Program Title:
Electrical System Safety Requirements
26.01.2020 - 30.01.2020
$ 2750


Course Objective:

     The program will provide a clear understanding of hazardous area current custom and practice with particular respect to the following:

                • Defining the hazard, classifying hazard materials, understanding the nature of the risk

                    and the necessity to eliminate sources of ignition
                • The relationship between area classification and the various different types of

                    Ex apparatus
                • The relationship between electrical equipment and gas groups and temperature classes
                • The installation and maintenance of the different types of equipment i.e. flameproof,

                    increased safety, intrinsic safety etc
                • The need for, and typical approach to, electrical equipment inspection
                • The documentation of the hazardous area.

Who Should Attend:

     This program is a comprehensive training package which involves a combination of formal lectures, practical exercises, demonstrations and written exercises.


It is primarily aimed at:

     Safety, electrical, and instrumentation engineers or technicians
It is assumed that most attendees will be familiar with industrial electrical practice although specific prior knowledge of hazardous areas is not a prerequisite.


Course Contents:

             • A brief history of Industrial fires and explosions
             • Materials
             • Understanding the important characteristics of hazard materials and how they behave

                when they are ignited. Looking at the data tables and seeing how, Flash point, boiling

                point, L.E.L. etc. influence our approach to the materials
             • Area Classification
             • A look at the techniques and the procedures that result in the formal allocations of zones

                 zero, one and two 

             • Sources of Hazard, duration of release, extent of zones, calculations, nature of hazard

                 and release characteristics
             • Area Classification Exercise
             • An exercise carried out in syndicate groups where a small plant is classified against the IP

                 code of practice. This will give attendees a much clearer idea of what zone 0, zone1, and

                 zone2 really mean at their own place of work
             • Apparatus Groups and Temperature Classes
             • How apparatus and hazard materials are matched together in terms of ignition energies,

                flame transmission characteristics and ignition temperatures. How groups and T Classes

                have changed over the years and from country to country and where to find the information

                to make comparisons

             • Source of Ignition
             • A look at some of the possible sources of ignition, e.g. static electricity, light metal thermite

                reactions, friction etc., which can occur in hazardous areas. Also considering some of the

                steps which can be taken to eliminate them
             • Methods of Protection
             • Considering the recognized methods of protection. The fundamental concept in each

                 case and the zones in which they may be employed
             • Ex d Flameproof

             • Ex i Intrinsic Safety
             • Ex e Increased Safety
             • Ex p Pressurized
             • Ex N Type N 
             • Ex m, Ex o, Ex q, Ex s

             • Exercise
             • A written exercise in which the relationship between zones, Apparatus groups, temperature

                classes and certifies electrical equipment is examined
             • Ex d Flameproof
             • Considering in depth the concept of Flameproof protection, how it works, how is must be

                 installed, how it must be inspected & maintained. Looking at weatherproofing, corrosion,

                gaps, fasteners, etc
             • Equipment Inspection Exercise Session 1

             • Examining samples and answering questions about them
             • Intrinsic Safety
             • As for flameproof, an in depth look at the subject considering minimum ignition energies,

                associated apparatus and systems, simple apparatus, IS clean earth, floating systems,

                system matching, etc
             • Intrinsic Safety Installation
             • Segregation of cables, screens and Armour, earthing and bonding, induction and invasion,

                creep age and clearance etc

             • Increased Safety
             • An in-depth look at this concept of protection making comparisons with flameproof, and

                stressing the vital importance of correct installation. Also looking at weatherproofing IP

                rating, CTI, stoppers and bolts, derating etc.
             • Equipment Inspection Exercise Session 2
             • Ex p Pressurized Apparatus
             • A close examination of this method of protection, what it can be applied to, when

                certification is possible and how to maintain it. Where pressurized rooms fit in and how

                uncertified pressurized enclosures may be used in zone 2

             • Type N
             • A thorough examination of type N considering non-sparking, enclosed break, energy

                limitation, and restricted breathing concepts. Also making comparisons with the concepts

                 of protection already covered in detail
             • The Less Common Types of Protection
             • A look at Ex m, Ex o, Ex q, and Ex s considering each in turn and pointing out the safety

                 critical features. Also considering combined or dual certification and the combination of

                many concepts of protection into one item of equipment
             • Equipment Inspection Exercise Session 3

             • Labels, Marking and Certificates
             • A look at the codings, certificate numbers and other essential markings on labels and

                certificates. Including a paper exercise to identify equipment and assess its suitability for

                given environment

             • Installation, Inspection and Maintenance
             • Considering the guidance of National codes of practice in terms of wiring and cabling,

                  identification, isolation, inspections and maintenance. Examining inspection schedules and

                 referring back to the concepts of protection to ensure that the attendees are comfortable

                 with the inspection requirements for all types of equipment. Prioritizing repairs, i.e. which

                 failures are immediately life threatening and which could become so in time
             • Cable entries

             • Considering cable and conduit entries to all types of enclosures and protection concepts.

                 Also looking at adapters and reducers, plugs and correct selection in each circumstance
             • Equipment Inspection Exercise Final session
             • Legislation
             • What the Law has to say, standards, certificates, codes, European directives, the HSE

                 and how it all ties together
             • Administration and Record Keeping

             • Considering the records that should be kept by a company in order to manage a hazardous

                 area installation
             • General Discussion: Any outstanding questions
             • Answers to the Inspection Exercise




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