Arabian American Center November Training & Development
Program Title:
Water Wells, Networks, and Water Treatment
25.11.2018 - 29.11.2018
$ 3900


Course Description
   This course is designed to describe water wells and networks common processes. It also designed to describe Water Treatment Control systems, process parameters, optimum values and effect of deviations. The course includes all aspects related to water treatment.

   All equipment operation (pre-commissioning, commissioning, and decommissioning) procedures also described.

   The course describes all monitoring equipment operation and evaluating its performance. Another important session of Unit/ facility pre- startup, startup and shutdown also included.

   The course is designed to include (normal and emergency) operations and common process abnormalities and their handling techniques.

Course Objectives
      By the end of the course, participants who are almost all water handling operators should become able to:
               • Describe Water Handling processes implemented in the oil and gas upstream.
               • Water wells, Injection wells, and disposal wells
               • Explain effects of deviation in values of process parameter from optimum ones.
               • Inject the right quantity of water to reservoir and assure the right quality.
               • Optimize daily consumption of used chemicals.
               • Explain key steps in operations and operation monitoring procedures
               • Describe operations common upset conditions and their handling techniques.
               • Describe common operational problems and best practices in handling them
               • The Stages of the Commissioning Processes and Dealing with Machinery Equipment and

                    Specific Commissioning Issues.
               • Establishing Overall Commissioning And Plant Start Up Strategies Dealing With Operation,

                   Troubleshooting And Problem Solving During Commissioning.
               • Developing an Overall Commissioning Management Plan.
               • How to Manage Risks Associated With Commissioning.

Target Audience
               Water Handling Operators and section heads

Training Methodology
     A highly interactive combination of lectures and discussion sessions will be managed to maximize the amount and quality of information and knowledge transfer. The sessions will start by raising the most relevant questions, and motivate everybody find the right answers. You will also be encouraged to raise your own questions and to share in the development of the right answers using your own analysis and experiences.  Tests of multiple-choice type will be made available on daily basis to examine the effectiveness of delivering the course.

        All presentations are made in excellent colorful power point. Very useful Course Materials will be given.
                •    30% Lectures
                •    30% Workshops and work presentation
                •    20% Group/individual Work or projects & Practical Exercises
                •    20% Videos& General Discussions, Case studies etc…

Course Contents:
       Module 1 (Description of WH common Processes) Introduction,
            Characteristics of Well Water
                • Dissolved Solids
                • Precipitated Solids (Scales)
                • Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3)
                • Calcium Sulfate (CaSO4)
                • Iron Sulfide (FeS2)
                • Barium and Strontium Sulfate ( BaSO4 and SrSO4)

            Disposal Standards
            Scale Removal
            Controlling Scale Using Chemical Inhibitors
            Sand and Other Suspended Solids
                • Dissolved Gases
                • Oil in Water Emulsions
                • Dissolved Oil Concentrations
                • Dispersed Oil
                • Toxicants
                • Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
                • Bacteria

        System Description,
                • Gravity Separation,
                • Coalescence ,
                • Dispersion ,
                • Flotation,
                • Filtration

          Equipment Description and Sizing,
                • Skim Tanks and Skim Vessels ,Configurations,
                • Horizontal Separators,
                • Vertical Separators

    Module 2 (Water Networks)
                                 • Introduction
                                 • Definitions and objectives
                                                 ─ Transport and distribution
                                                 ─ Piping
                                                 ─ Storage
                                                 ─ Pumping

                                 • Types of distribution schemes
                                 • Network configurations

                  2-WATER DEMAND
                                 • Terminology
                                 • Consumption categories
                                                 ─ Water use by various sectors
                                                 ─ Domestic consumption
                                                 ─ Non-domestic consumption
                                 • Water demand patterns
                                                 ─ Instantaneous demand
                                                 ─ Diurnal patterns
                                                 ─ Periodic variations

                  3-Demand calculation
                  4- Demand forecasting
                  5- Demand frequency distribution

Module 3 (Monitoring equipment operation and evaluating its performance)
             Flow rate
             Emulsion Treating Theory,
                                 • Forming Emulsions,
                                 • Emulsifying Agent,
                                 • Demulsifiers

             Gravity Separation,
                                 • Coalescence,
                                 • Viscosity,
                                 • Temperature Effects,
                                 • Heat Input Equations,
                                 • Water Droplet Size and Retention Time,
                                 • Coalescing Media,
                                 • Electrostatic Coalescers

            Treating Equipment,
                                 • Vertical Treaters,
                                 • Horizontal Treaters,
                                 • Electrostatic Treaters

             Equipment Sizing and Theory,
                                 • Settling Equations,
                                 • Retention Time Equations,
                                 • Water Droplet Size
                                 • Design Procedure,

       Module 4 (Produced-Water Treating Systems)
            System Description,
                                 • Gravity Separation,
                                 • Dispersion,
                                 • Coalescence,
                                 • Flotation

            Treating Equipment,
                                 • Settling Tanks and Skimmer Vessels,
                                 • Skimmer Sizing Equations,
                                 • Plate Coalescers,
                                 • Skimmer/Coalescers,
                                 • Precipitators/Coalescing Filters,
                                 • Free-Flow Turbulent Coalescers (SP Packs),
                                 • Flotation Units,
                                 • Hydrocyclones,
                                 • Disposal Piles,
                                 • Skim Pile

             Drain Systems,
             Information Required for Design,
             Influent Water Quality,
                                 • Produced Water,
                                 • Soluble Oil,
                                 • Deck Drainage

             Equipment Selection Procedure,
             Equipment Specification,
      Module 5 (Control systems, process parameters, optimum values and effect of deviations)
            Flow Controlling
            Pressure Control
            Chemical injection control
            Basic Principles,
                                 • Reynolds Number,
                                 • Flow Regimes,
                                 • Bernoulli's Theorem,
                                 • Darcy's Equation,
                                 • Moody Friction Factor

             Fluid Flow Equations,
                                 • Liquid Flow,
                                 • Gas Flow,
                                 • Two-Phase Flow

             Head Loss in Valves and Pipe Fittings,
                                 • Resistance Coefficients,
                                 • Flow Coefficient,
                                 • Equivalent Length,
                                 • Laminar Flow Coefficient

               Example Pressure Drop Calculations,
                                 • Pressure Drop in Liquid Line,
                                 • Pressure Drop in Gas Line,

               Pressure Drop in Two-Phase Line

      Module 6  (pre-commissioning, commissioning, and decommissioning)
              Mechanical completion and pre-commissioning
                                 • Mechanical completion
                                 • Pre-commissioning

              Control systems
                                 • Timescale
                                 • System testing and installation
                                 • Calibration
                                 • Pre-commissioning of field instrumentation
                                 • Control system commissioning
                                 • Management
                                 • Personnel
                                 • Documentation

               Process commissioning
                                 • Final checks
                                 • Typical sequence of commissioning
                                 • Quality control laboratory
                                 • Ancillary equipment
                                 • Storage -raw materials
                                 • Storage -intermediates and finished product
                                 • Reaction system
                                 • Completion of commissioning

                Common process abnormalities and their handling techniques
                                 • Chemical abnormalities
                                 • Equipment abnormalities

                Spotting operation upsets/ abnormal conditions and taking the appropriate corrective actions

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