Arabian American Center May Training & Development
Program Title:
Chemical Spills Safety Precautions, Monitor Scaling & Corrosion Tendencies
29.04.2018 - 03.05.2018
$ 2500


Course Overview:

  This course is aimed at those who work with or around chemicals. Successful completion will prepare participants to look carefully at their own work activities when handling chemicals and contribute to the safer use and transport of chemicals in the workplace. It further goes on to teach the proper steps to control and reduce losses in the event of a spill.


  This Course is Designed for a wide range of oil and gas Lab technicians from senior management to those new to the industry, the course form an overview into the role of chemistry in oil and gas production, and how additives and chemicals can be applied to control formation and prevention of oilfield scale and corrosion, and hence to combat natural production challenges.


  A comprehensive five-day course covers such subjects as organic and inorganic scale deposition and control; corrosion; crude dehydration; water injection; chemical compatibility flow assurance; and fluids processing. It also demonstrates how process design and chemical applications can be used to improve treatment and recovery.


This training course was originally intended to include a tutorial concerning the general chemistry, synthesis, and properties of oil field chemicals.

Course Objectives:

             ─ Describe Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)

             ─ Describe NFPA Labeling system

             ─ Describe Proper PPE for the various chemicals

             ─ Safely handle chemical containers

             ─ Safe storage of chemicals, protection needs and containment


             ─ Take actions and Precautions in the event of a spill

             ─ Limit a chemical spill disaster

             ─ Properly use a spill containment kit and clean up a chemical spill

             ─ Handle the chemical waste and used spill kit components

             ─ Apply problem-solving steps and tools


             ─ Analyze information to clearly describe problems

             ─ Identify appropriate solutions

             ─ Think creatively and be a contributing member of a problem-solving team

             ─ Select the best approach for making decisions

             ─ Create a plan for implementing, evaluating, and following up on decisions


             ─ Understand problem-solving

             ─ Use problem-solving model and toolkit

             ─ Make good group decisions

             ─ Analyze and select solutions

             ─ Understand scale and corrosion issues in oil fields


             ─ Sampling techniques, wellheads, and online

             ─ Conduct Water analysis using analytical instruments

             ─ Awareness on chemicals and their significance

             ─ Data handling and result Interpretation

             ─ Acquire practical Knowledge of application and optimization of each chemical.


             ─ Acquire practical Knowledge for controlled use of chemicals.

             ─ How to recognize and develop solutions to operating problems in oil/water processing facilities

             ─ Recognize corrosive conditions and monitor corrosion rates

             ─ Select and apply corrosion inhibitors

             ─ Predict and treat emulsions


             ─ Understand causes and control of foaming

             ─ Predict scale forming conditions

             ─ Select and apply scale inhibitors

             ─ Control gas hydrate formation

             ─ Scavenge low concentrations of H2S


             ─ Select and apply water clarifiers

             ─ Select chemicals for use in deep water

             ─ Select environmentally friendly chemicals


Who Should Attend:

                            Lab. technicians and chemists

Course Contents:


             ─ Role of Emergency Response Team

             ─ Review of Chemical classifications and hazard labeling

             ─ Spill activation procedures and response priorities

             ─ Review of Personal Protective Equipment and clean-up materials

             ─ Hands-on familiarization with equipment


             ─ Personal Protective Equipment donning exercises

             ─ Review of simple chemical identification tests

             ─ Practical chemical identification exercise

             ─ Spill clean-up and waste disposal procedures, e.g. acids and solvents

             ─ Decontamination procedures


             ─ Requirement of the Safety, Health & Welfare at Work Act 2005

             ─ What is a Hazardous Substance?

             ─ Identifying Hazardous Substances

             ─ Health impacts of exposure

             ─ Identify risks associated with chemical use

             ─ Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Explained


        DAY -2

             ─ Personnel Protection Equipment – Overview

             ─ Practical Chemical Spill Demonstration

             ─ Fire Extinguisher/Fire Blanket use for Chemical Spill

             ─ Immediate first aid action for chemical burns

             ─ General Principles of Chemical Safety


             ─ Emergency Plans

             ─ Site Familiarization

             ─ An understanding of SDS and how to use the data for risk assessments

             ─ The knowledge to predict a chemical’s behavior if released

             ─ The problem-solving method


             ─ Information gathering

             ─ Problem definition

             ─ Preparing for brainstorming

             ─ Generating solutions

             ─ Analyzing solutions


             ─ Selecting a solution

             ─ Planning your next steps

             ─ Recording lessons learnt



            ─ Water Chemistry

             ─ Introduction

             ─ Water characteristics and properties

             ─ Water sources

             ─ Chemistry Concepts


             ─ Properties of water

             ─ Environmental regulations

             ─ Water chemistry issue

             ─ Contaminants

             ─ Factors affecting stability, pH and Ion strength


             ─ Characteristics of produced water

             ─ How produced water is handled

             ─ Water sampling techniques

             ─ Water sampling

             ─ Location of sampling points


             ─ Sampling frequency

             ─ Collection of Samples

             ─ Types of Samples, Grab samples, Composite samples, and Integrated

             ─ Chain-of-Custody Procedures (COC)

             ─ Sampling Methods


             ─ Manual sampling

             ─ Automatic sampling

             ─ Sample Containers

             ─ Sampling Preservation and Storage

             ─ On sampling point preservation


             ─ Equipment calibrating, cleaning and maintenance

             ─ Fundamentals of Scale and corrosion

             ─ Scaling

             ─ Hardness and Alkalinity

             ─ Mineral Scales


             ─ Calcium Carbonate Scale

             ─ Sulfate Scales

             ─ Prediction of Scale Formation

             ─ Solubilities of Various Sulfates and Carbonates

             ─ Solubility of Calcite, Dolomite, and Magnesite and Mixture of These Carbonates


             ─ Relative Permeability Concepts

             ─ Effect of Water Hardness on Relative Permeability Curves

             ─ Effect of Water Chemistry on Oil Recovery

             ─ Scale Inhibition

             ─ Introduction to Corrosion


             ─ Definition of Corrosion

             ─ Introduction to Electrochemistry

             ─ Corrosion Agents in Drilling and Producing Operations

             ─ Requirements for Electrochemical Corrosion

             ─ Chemistry of Corrosion and Electromotive Force Series


             ─ Galvanic Series

             ─ Corrosion of Steel

             ─ Gaseous Corrodants

             ─ Oxygen

             ─ Hydrogen Sulfide


             ─ Carbon Dioxide

             ─ Alkalinity of Environment

             ─ Cathodic Protection

             ─ Role of Bacteria in Corrosion

             ─ Corrosion in Gas-Condensate Wells


             ─ Corrosion Rate Measurement Units

             ─ Types of Corrosion

             ─ Introduction

             ─ Sweet Corrosion

             ─ Sour Corrosion


             ─ Classes of Corrosion

             ─ Types of Cracking in Drilling and Producing Environments



             ─ Microbiological Corrosion

             ─ Introduction

             ─ Microbial Growth and Metabolism

             ─ Microbes Associated with Oilfield Corrosion

             ─ Microbial Interaction with Produced Oil


             ─ Microorganisms in Corrosion

             ─ Prokaryotes

             ─ Eukaryotes

             ─ Different Mechanisms of Microbial Corrosion

             ─ Corrosion Inhibition by Bacteria


             ─ Microbial Corrosion Control

             ─ Concepts of Water Analysis

             ─ Introduction to water analysis science

             ─ Analytical Science Defined

             ─ Introduction to Analytical Chemistry


             ─ Basic Tools of Analytical Chemistry

             ─ Concentration Units, Molarity, Formality, Normality, PPM, mg/l

             ─ Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Water and Wastewater.

             ─ EPA, ASTM, and APHA, for analysis of Water and Wastewater.

             ─ Instrumental water analysis


             ─ Review of the Analytical Strategy

             ─ Instrumental Analysis Methods

             ─ Basics of Instrumental Measurement

             ─ Details of Calibration

             ─ Preparation of Standards


             ─ Blanks and Controls

             ─ Effects of Sample Pretreatment on Calculations

             ─ Laboratory Data Acquisition and Information Management

             ─ Scale and corrosion index

             ─ Saturation level (SL)


             ─ Langelier Saturation Index (LSI)

             ─ Ryznar Stability Index (RSI)

             ─ Puckorius Scaling Index (PSI)

             ─ Larson-Skold Index

             ─ Oddo-Tomson Index


             ─ Residual tests

             ─ Residual Chemical testing methods

             ─ Residual Chlorine testing

             ─ Heavy Metals in Produced Water

             ─ Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS)


             ─ Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP)

             ─ Major impurities in oil field waters

             ─ Introduction

             ─ Injection Suitability

             ─ Clay Swelling


             ─ Formation and Deposition of Insoluble Material in the Formation

             ─ Increase in Oil Saturation

             ─ Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

             ─ Turbidity

             ─ Movement of Formation Fines


             ─ Sources of Suspended Solids

             ─ SRBs

             ─ Gases,

             ─ Cations and Anions

             ─ Heavy metals


             ─ Scale forming tendency

             ─ Residual Oil

             ─ Problem Causing Bacteria

             ─ Corrosion

             ─ Some Causes of Waterflood Corrosion


             ─ Carbon Dioxide

             ─ Hydrogen Sulfide

             ─ Oxygen

             ─ Interactions of the Gases

             ─ Bacterial Corrosion


             ─ Use of Seawater for Injection Purposes

             ─ Characteristics of Seawater

             ─ Dissolved Oxygen

             ─ Calcium Carbonate Saturation

             ─ pH of Seawater


             ─ High Sulfate Ion Content

             ─ Magnesium Ion

             ─ Seasonal Changes in Composition of Seawater

             ─ Oil Content

             ─ Test Methods Used in Waterflooding Operations


             ─ Dissolved Oxygen

             ─ pH Change

             ─ The Membrane Filter Test

             ─ Total Iron Count Increase

             ─ Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria


             ─ Total Bacteria

             ─ Corrosion Coupons

             ─ Significance of Various Tests

             ─ Reporting of Test Data


             ─ Chemical and Mechanical Treatments

             ─ Chemical treatment

             ─ Corrosion Inhibitors

             ─ Classification of Corrosion Inhibitors

             ─ Fields of Application


             ─ Application Techniques

             ─ Characterization

             ─ Side Effects

             ─ Inhibitor Chemicals

             ─ Chemical Tests


             ─ Corrosion inhibitors Performance tests

             ─ Miscellaneous Inhibitors

             ─ Bacterial Control (Biocides)

             ─ Mechanisms of Growth

             ─ Growth of Bacteria Supported by Oil Field Chemicals


             ─ Mathematical Models

             ─ Detection of Bacteria

             ─ Sulfate-reducing Bacteria SRB

             ─ Bacterial Corrosion

             ─ Mechanisms of Microbial Corrosion


             ─ Corrosion Monitoring

             ─ Assessment of the Activity of Biocides

             ─ Synergistic Action of Biocides

             ─ Treatments with Biocides

             ─ Previously Fractured Formations


             ─ Intermittent Addition of Biocide

             ─ Nonbiocidal Control

             ─ Scale Inhibitors

             ─ Classification and Mechanism

             ─ Compounds that cause scaling


             ─ Prediction of scaling tendency

             ─ Mathematical Models

             ─ Optimal Dose

             ─ Precipitation Squeeze Method

             ─ Inhibitor Chemicals


             ─ Water-soluble Inhibitors

             ─ Oil-soluble Scale Inhibitors

             ─ Inhibitors for Special Tasks

             ─ Characterization

             ─ Spectroscopic Methods


             ─ Turbidimetry

             ─ Static Bottle Test

             ─ Transport Chemicals

             ─ Paraffin Inhibitors

             ─ Pour Point Depressants


             ─ Drag Reducers

             ─ Hydrate Control

             ─ Additives for Slurry Transport

             ─ Additives for Odorization

             ─ Cleaning


             ─ Gelled Pigs

             ─ Gas Dehydration chemicals

             ─ Naturally Occurring Gas Hydrates

             ─ Problems with Gas Hydrates in Petroleum Technology

             ─ Nature of Inclusion Compounds


             ─ Gas Hydrates

             ─ Test Procedures for Inhibitors

             ─ Inhibition of Gas Hydrate Formation

             ─ Scavengers

             ─ Oxygen Scavengers


             ─ Dosing of Oxygen Scavengers

             ─ Chemistry of Oxygen Scavengers

             ─ Antifoams

             ─ Defoamers

             ─ Foam basics


             ─ Field application of foams

             ─ How defoamers work

             ─ Chemicals of Enhanced Oil Recovery

             ─ Asphaltene treatment chemicals

             ─ Chemicals used as H2S scavengers


             ─ Application of H2S scavengers

             ─ Oil carryover in water

             ─ Removal of oil and oily solids

             ─ Tests required for chemicals used in deep water

             ─ Green chemicals (environmentally friendly chemicals)


             ─ Coagulation and flocculation

             ─ Polyelectrolyte  

             ─ Calculation of chemical injection rates

             ─ Importance and Requirement of optimization of chemical application.

             ─ Bottle Test


             ─ Jar Test

             ─ Corrosion inhibitor injection rate

             ─ Mechanical Treatments

             ─ (Crude Oil Treating Systems)

             ─ Gravity Separation,


             ─ Coalescence,

             ─ Viscosity,

             ─ Temperature Effects,

             ─ Heat Input Equations,

             ─ Water Droplet Size and Retention Time,


             ─ Coalescing Media,

             ─ Electrostatic Coalescers

             ─ Treating Equipment,

             ─ Vertical Treaters,

             ─ Horizontal Treaters,


             ─ Electrostatic Treaters

             ─ Equipment Sizing and Theory,

             ─ Settling Equations,

             ─ Retention Time Equations,

             ─ Water Droplet Size


             ─ Design Procedure,

             ─ (Produced-Water Treating Systems)

             ─ Gravity Separation,

             ─ Dispersion,

             ─ Coalescence,


             ─ Flotation

             ─ Treating Equipment,

             ─ Settling Tanks and Skimmer Vessels,

             ─ Skimmer Sizing Equations,

             ─ Plate Coalescers,


             ─ Skimmer/Coalescers,

             ─ Precipitators/Coalescing Filters,

             ─ Free-Flow Turbulent Coalescers (SP Packs),

             ─ Flotation Units,

             ─ Hydrocyclones,


             ─ Disposal Piles,

             ─ Skim Pile

             ─ Monitoring and results interpretation

             ─ Interpretation of oil field water analysis results

             ─ Physical and chemical properties of field water


             ─ Analysis of field water

             ─ Total Cations and Anions

             ─ pH of field water

             ─ Alkalinity and acidity

             ─ Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)


             ─ The Stiff-Davis index

             ─ Total Suspended Solids

             ─ Dissolved Gases

             ─ Problem-Causing  Bacteria

             ─ Residual Oil


             ─ Particle Size

             ─ Turbidity (NTU)

             ─ Chromatographic Analysis

             ─ Structural Group Analysis

             ─ Heavy metals


             ─ Radioactivity of oil field

             ─ MINERAL SCALES: Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Sulfate, Barium Sulfate,

             ─ Scale Prevention


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