Arabian American Center May Training & Development
Program Title:
Understand Water Quality Parameters for Reservoir Management, Reservoir Souring & Water Breakthrough
27.05.2018 - 31.05.2018
$ 2500


Course Description:

This course is designed to discuss the methods, equipment and tolls used for water quality parameters and testing Technologies. The course includes all aspects related to Pressure Maintenance Plants (PMP), HP injection systems, Seawater Treatment Plant, Central Injection Pumping Facility (SWTP, CIPF & CIPF Extension) and application in Process plant for improving water quality parameters and Salt water disposal.

This course is designed to describe the most modern technical methods of instrumental analysis of Produced Water, Wastewater, Seawater and industrial materials using appropriate instrumentation AAS, ICP, IC etc.

Topics include theory and criteria for choosing instrumentation, sample preparation, chemical separations, spectrophotometers, chromatographs.

The  course is designed in accordance with ASTM/API Standard procedures.

This course is a sequel to Quantitative instrumental Analysis and seeks to extend the participants knowledge of classical methods of chemical analysis to those dealing with instrumental methods. It is designed to meet the requirements of those participants majoring in chemical laboratory technology, health-related technologies, and in those sciences and technologies that deal with the pollution of the environment.

The course addresses the requirements of EN ISO / IEC 17025 and ISO 9002: General Requirements for the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories as well as the common requirements of GLP Compliance (OECD, USA, Canada, and Europe & Japan) as applicable to QC/QA/Production Control Laboratories.

 This training program provides an overview of the main water handling systems. The chemistry of the main water related problems of mineral scales, corrosion, bacteria, and oily water will be reviewed both from the theoretical and practical aspects. Produced water treatment equipment and typical water quality specifications will be reviewed as well as water injection and disposal systems. An exercise will be given to identify typical system problems and you will be able to apply the knowledge you gained to propose solutions.

Emphasis will be placed on understanding and resolving operational problems in process equipment.

Water handling, treatment and disposal represent the biggest operating cost for most oilfield operators' methods, equipment and tools used for testing, diagnosing, and minimizing water production from oil and gas wells. Reservoir engineering and surface facility aspects of water handling, treatment, and injection on performance and oil recovery by water flood are discussed. Significant cost savings can be achieved in all aspects of water production, handling and disposal through better diagnostic tools, better water handling and better treatment and re-injection strategies. The workshop covers the fundamental theory, and the latest technological developments. It particularly emphasizes field application through lots of practical field examples, exercises and case studies.

Course Objective:

               • Describe Analytical chemistry methods and Instruments technique

               • Describe chemistry of Water, Produced water, Seawater

               • Use all methods for calibration.

               • Use statistical method according to ISO 17025 requirements

               • Describe what is the Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) and its importance in modern

                   laboratories and in technology transfer


               • Identify a variety of analytical instruments, their uses, capabilities and limitations;

               • Describe water analysis parameters according to EPA, ASTM, and APHA standards.

               • Interpret all analytical parameters in water, wastewater and seawater by using modern

                   technique of laboratory instrumentation, Spectroscopy, Atomic Absorption (AA)

                   spectroscopy, ion chromatography, ICP, and others.

               • Evaluate different instrumental methods, based on such factors as sensitivity, time required,

                    selectivity, purchase cost of instruments involved, etc.;

               • Demonstrate appropriate use of instrumentation by developing a working knowledge and

                    control of the operating parameters associated with each instrument studied; and Good

                    laboratory practices GLPS


               • Demonstrate acquisition of basic laboratory skills as they pertain to: safety, management

                    of both qualitative and quantitative work, ability to draw conclusions from experiments, and

                    understanding the importance of technological advances for the development of scientific


               • Covers the basic needs, understanding reservoir souring and water breakthrough issues in

                    North Kuwait field.

               • Multi-dimensional and multidiscipline level problem solving

               • Trouble shoot basic operation and equipment

               • Grip on typical problems and underlying  failures covering hand on example


               • Communications results within plant and between several  plant  using  company prescribed

                    procedures, protocols and media to train others

               • Communication  observations ,findings and  results  to fields development and  reservoir

                    studies (RST) TEAMS THROUGH designated  person-in charge  of water  handling facilities

               • Analysis  start up  , shut down utility failure ,ESD, process major  upsets., Cause and

                    effect scenarios  flares scenarios  ,materials  safety data  sheets

               • Water monitoring, sampling and analysis for set up a treatment system.

               • How to handle and control the excessive water production.


               • Identify & diagnoses the side effect of water problems

               • How to set up Corrosion control system

               • How to overcome the water problems in upstream and downstream operations.

               • Examples of troubles shooting and field solutions.

               • Recognize the water treatment  methods


               • Understand the water injection system and its impact on reservoir  performance

               • Outline the water treating equipment , theory of operation, advantages and disadvantages,

                  and the importance of oil droplet size

               • Identify the quality of Water injection and disposal systems – theory of operation,

                   corrosion, scale, and biological control

               • Know what is new in Oil and gas production

               • Demonstrate Real Case studies.


Target Audience

    This course is aimed at Field Operators, Controllers Water Handling, Production & laboratory staff.

Training Methodology

  Training methodology will include detail explanation of the subject

Course material through power point equipped with necessary animation, learning video and general discussion to provide participant with full understanding concerning the subject course this not limited but will extended to the following:

                               1. Learning videos

                               2. General discussion

                               3. Practical session if any

                               4. Learning examples

                               5. Syndicate groups

                               6. Work shop & case study

             Percentage of delivery methodologies:

                               a. 55% as presentation

                               b. 25% as group & individual exercise

                               c. 10% case study

                               d. 05% movies and videos

                               e. 05% assignment or project

Course Contents:



               • Methods of analysis

               • Titration methods

               • Chromatography technique (GC and HPLC)

               • Spectroscopy technique


               • Instrument analysis data

               • Interpolated graph calibration using external/ internal standards

               • Standard addition method extrapolated graph

               • Errors in quantitative analysis

               • Random and systematic errors in titration analysis


               • Standard deviation of repeated measurements

               • Distribution of errors

               • Confidence limit of the mean of replicate measurements

               • Confidence limit of one measurement using calibration curve

               • Water and Produced  Water Analysis Science


               • Analytical Science Defined

               • Introduction to Analytical Chemistry

               • Basic Tools of Analytical Chemistry

               • Concentration, Molarity, Formality, Normality, and

               • The Sample


               • Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Water and Wastewater.

               • EPA, ASTM, and APHA, for analysis of Water and Wastewater.

               • Sampling technique

               • Sampling technique at Injection Wells

               • Surface facilities Sampling Technique


               • Instrumental Water Analysis

               • Review of the Analytical Strategy

               • Instrumental Analysis Methods

               • Basics of Instrumental Measurement

               • Details of Calibration


               • Preparation of Standards

               • Blanks and Controls

               • Effects of Sample Pretreatment on Calculations

               • Laboratory Data Acquisition and Information Management



               • Water Analysis Techniques in Oil and Gas Industies

               • Preparation of standard solutions for different water analysis         

               • Calibration of all water testing instruments                 

               • Aware of standard specifications for critical parameters for effluent water, sea water and

                  injection wells, analyse test results         

               • Knowledge of Chemicals for Crude, sea water and effluent water


               • Functional knowledge on reagents and chemicals for water analysis

               • General laboratory safety procedures

               • Spectrochemical Methods

               • Introduction

               • Characterizing Light


               • The Electromagnetic Spectrum

               • Absorption and Emission of Light

               • Absorbance, Transmittance, and Beer’s Law

               • Effect of Concentration on Spectra

               • UV-VIS and IR Molecular Spectrometry


               • UV-VIS Instrumentation

               • IR Instrumentation for Oil and Grease and Petroleum Hydrocarbons.

               • Atomic Spectroscopy

               • Flame Atomic Absorption, Na+, K+, Ba++, and Heavy Metals etc.

               • Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption


               • Inductively Coupled Plasma ICP, introduction, technique, and applications.

               • Ion Chromatograph

               • Basic Principles of Ion Exchange

               • Ion Exchangers in Ion Chromatography

               • Ion Exchange  Separations


               • Eluents for Suppressed Ion Chromatography

               • Non-suppressed Ion Chromatography

               • Eluents for Non-suppressed  Ion Chromatography

               • COLOUR MEASUREMENT

               • Sampling:


               • Sample preservation

               • Procedures

               • pH MEASUREMENT

               • Definition of pH

               • Importance of pH measurements


               • Equipment

               • Calibration of the pH meter

               • Electrode Storage

               • Sample pH Measurement

               • ALKALINITY


               • Potentiometric Methods

               • Procedure


               • Definitions



               • DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO)

               • DO METER METHOD

               • DO Meter Calibration


               • Total Solids Procedure


               • Balance Calibration and Standardization

               • Calculations.


               • Filter Preparation

               • TSS Procedure


               • OIL AND GREASE IR Methods

               • Introduction

               • SPAN calibration

               • OCP standard



               • BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (5 days)

               • Introduction

               • Definition

               • Technique

               • HACH spectrophotometers Test Kits


               • Chemical oxygen demand (COD)

               • COD Theory

               • Closed Reflux, Colorimetric Method

               • COD reactor and spectrophotometer

               • Turbidity and Turbidimeters


               • Introduction

               • Turbidity meter

               • NTU unit

               • Calibration

               • Conductivity meters and Calculated TDS


               • Introduction and Theory of Conductivity meter

               • Calibration


               • Physical and chemical properties of field water

               • Analysis of field water


               • Total Cations and Anions

               • pH of field water

               • Alkalinity and acidity

               • Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)

               • The Stiff-Davis index


               • Suspended Solids

               • Dissolved Gases

               • Problem-Causing  Bacteria

               • Residual Oil

               • Chromatographic Analysis


               • Structural Group Analysis

               • Heavy metals

               • Radioactivity of oil field

               • MINERAL SCALES: Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Sulfate, Barium Sulfate,  Scale Prevention

               • Seawater Analysis


               • Sampling and Storage

               • Determination of Anions

               • Anions in Estuary and Coastal Waters

               • Dissolved Gases in Seawater

               • Cations in Seawater


               • Cations in Estuary, Bay, and Coastal Waters

               • Ion-Selective Electrodes

               • High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

               • COD in Seawater

               • BOD5 in Seawater



               • The fundamental points of GLP

               • Resources and characterization

               • Results - raw data and data collection

               • Quality assurance unit


               • STEPWISE IMPLEMENTATION OF ISO 17025 and ISO 9002

               • Implementation as a project

               • Stepwise implementation of ISO 27025 requirements

               • Stepwise implementation of ISO 9002 requirements

        DAY 4:

               • Basic concepts of reservoir souring and water breakthrough

               • Identification and definition of reservoir souring   and water breakthrough.

               • What is a “water flood”?

               • How does it work?

               • What types of properties make better candidates?


               • How does the water flood work?

               • Appling operational trouble shooting techniques to arrive to the cause and to eliminate it

                  through a solution development.

               • Process and equipment  problems  including past problems  associated with  start up,

                 shut down, ESD AND STANDWENON COMPLACE

               • Prolonged feed specification , sea water  and effluent water quality and chemical dosage



               • Pressure Managementiamb problems   

               • WATER FOOD EXAMPLE

               • Factors Affecting Waterflood Success

               • Types of Oil Reservoirs More  Favorable for Water flood

               • Integrity management  in water injection  wells


               • Real case sturdy ( Morgan Water flood Plant Chemical Treatment )

               • Morgan Water flood Plant Injection Water Quality

               • Morgan Water flood Plant Chemical Treatment

               • A Annulus Pressure Management


       DAY 5:

               • Water injection problems

               • The injection well integrity

               • Determining injection profiles

               • Designing drilling patterns

               • Determining the reservoirs response to water influx


               • Water lifting/transfer from source location

               • Filtration

               • Chemical injection

               • Water property monitoring/recording

               • High pressure, high flow rate pumping equipment


               • Skilled operational personnel

               • Installation and operation of temporary injection facilities

               • Exposure to new technologies

               • Optimization of chemicals

               • Quality control


               • The Water Treatment Plant Operator

               • Water Sources and Treatment

               • Reservoir Management and Intake Structures

               • Filtration

               • Corrosion Control


               • Types of water problems

               • Tools of diagnosis the water problems

               • Methods of water control

               • Monitoring and analysis the water production

               • Group work


               • Real case studies

               • Water separation and treatment

               • Layouts of Field Production Facilities

               • Scale, Bacteria and Corrosion Problems

               • Water treatment method s


               • Methods  of corrosion monitoring

               • Chemical treatment and corrosion control

               • Videos film CD-DVD

               • Practical exercise

               • The role of operations optimizations to avoid corrosion


               • Water injection

               • Injection well test

               • Water Quality Requirements for Re-injection   

               • Impact of water injection on  Reservoir performance

               • Layout of the produced water  treatment

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