Arabian American Center April Training & Development
Program Title:
Crude Oil Testing, Chemical Spills Safety, Monitor Scaling & Corrosion Tendencies
22.04.2018 - 26.04.2018
$ 2500


Course Overview:

  A comprehensive five-day course covers such subjects as organic and inorganic scale deposition and control; corrosion; crude dehydration; water injection; chemical compatibility flow assurance; and fluids processing. It also demonstrates how process design and chemical applications can be used to improve treatment and recovery.

  In addition, this course is aimed at those who work with or around chemicals. Successful completion will prepare participants to look carefully at their own work activities when handling chemicals and contribute to the safer use and transport of chemicals in the workplace. It further goes on to teach the proper steps to control and reduce losses in the event of a spill.

  This intensive training course is designed to provide participants with the knowledge, experience and confidence needed to understand and effectively use different laboratory equipment and perform effective analysis in crude oil laboratories.

  The focus on this Course is on Crude Oil testing and the relevant ASTM test methods withthe numbers given, where possible the corresponding IP test method number is also presented

Course Objectives:

               • Understand scale and corrosion issues in oil fields

               • Sampling techniques, wellheads, and online

               • Conduct Water analysis using analytical instruments

               • How to recognize and develop solutions to operating problems in oil/water processing facilities

               • Recognize corrosive conditions and monitor corrosion rates

               • Select and apply corrosion inhibitors

               • Predict and treat emulsions

               • Understand causes and control of foaming

               • Predict scale forming conditions

               • Select and apply scale inhibitors

               • Describe Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)

               • Describe NFPA Labeling system

               • Describe Proper PPE for the various chemicals

               • Safely handle chemical containers

               • Safe storage of chemicals, protection needs and containment

               • Take actions and Precautions in the event of a spill

               • Limit a chemical spill disaster

               • Properly use a spill containment kit and clean up a chemical spill

               • Handle the chemical waste and used spill kit components

               • Basic oil chemistry

               • Basic analytical chemistry

               • IP/ASTM test methods (for crude), interpretation and

               • Validation of results

               • Preparation of samples for analysis

Who Should Attend:

               • Laboratory technicians and chemists responsible for the analysis of crude oil samples for

                  quantity and quality purposes

               • Chemical laboratory staff, Chief Chemist, and Lab Tech. in Oil fields, power stations, water

                 treatment stations, and refineries, etc.

Course Contents:


           Monitors scaling & corrosion tendencies and residual inhibitor tests

               • Fundamentals of Scale and corrosion

               • Scaling

               • Hardness and Alkalinity

               • Mineral Scales

               • Calcium Carbonate Scale


               • Sulfate Scales

               • Prediction of Scale Formation

               • Solubilities of Various Sulfates and Carbonates

               • Solubility of Calcite, Dolomite, and Magnesite and Mixture of These Carbonates

               • Relative Permeability Concepts


               • Effect of Water Hardness on Relative Permeability Curves

               • Effect of Water Chemistry on Oil Recovery

               • Scale Inhibition



          Introduction to Corrosion

               • Definition of Corrosion

               • Introduction to Electrochemistry

               • Corrosion Agents in Drilling and Producing Operations

               • Requirements for Electrochemical Corrosion

               • Chemistry of Corrosion and Electromotive Force Series


               • Galvanic Series

               • Corrosion of Steel

               • Gaseous Corrodants

               • Oxygen

               • Hydrogen Sulfide


               • Carbon Dioxide

               • Alkalinity of Environment

               • Cathodic Protection

               • Role of Bacteria in Corrosion

               • Corrosion in Gas-Condensate Wells


               • Corrosion Rate Measurement Units

               • Types of Corrosion

               • Introduction

               • Sweet Corrosion

               • Sour Corrosion


               • Classes of Corrosion

               • Types of Cracking in Drilling and Producing Environments



          Chemical spills, safety precautions & response action plan (Apply International HSE/HSEMS

             procedures & respective lab-related  elements.).

               • Role of Emergency Response Team

               • Review of Chemical classifications and hazard labeling

               • Spill activation procedures and response priorities

               • Review of Personal Protective Equipment and clean-up materials

               • Hands-on familiarization with equipment


               • Personal Protective Equipment donning exercises

               • Review of simple chemical identification tests

               • Practical chemical identification exercise

               • Spill clean-up and waste disposal procedures, e.g. acids and solvents

               • Decontamination procedures


               • Requirement of the Safety, Health & Welfare at Work Act 2005

               • What is a Hazardous Substance?

               • Identifying Hazardous Substances

               • Health impacts of exposure

               • Identify risks associated with chemical use


               • Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Explained

               • Personnel Protection Equipment – Overview

               • Practical Chemical Spill Demonstration

               • Fire Extinguisher/Fire Blanket use for Chemical Spill

               • Immediate first aid action for chemical burns


               • General Principles of Chemical Safety

               • Emergency Plans

               • Site Familiarization



          Crude oil testing & equipment (Maintain inventory, calibration and troubleshoot equipment


               • Introduction to crude oil testing

               • Definitions and Terms

               • Crude oil Routine Test

               • APT gravity

               • water cut


               • BS &W

               • Asphalt content

               • wax content

               • Viscosity & Yield point

               • Salt content


               • Crude oil Assay

               • Waxy crude oil testing equipments

               • Pour & cloud point test

               • Wax crystallization temperature equipment


               • Pipe loop test

               • Rheology test

               • Wax deposition test



               • Heavy crude oil testing equipments

               • Asphalt /Resins ratio

               • Asphalt deposition test

               • GLC test

               • Viscosity –temperature curve


               • Quality Variations and Their Causes

               • The Complexities of Crude Oil Composition

               • Sampling Protocols

               • Sampling Containers and Sample Integrity

               • Inspection Analysis (Cursory Assay)


               • Comprehensive Analysis (Full Assay)

               • Basics of Crude Oil Processing Evaluation

               • Other Important Crude Oil Properties


               • Future Needs in Crude Oil Characterization

               • Challenges Presented to the Analyst by Heavier, Higher Sulphur Feedstock and Opportunity

                 Crude Oils

               • Future analytical Test Method Requirements.

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