Arabian American Center May Training & Development
Program Title:
Crude Oil Testing and Equipment, Problem Solving and Management, & Natural Gas Testing
20.05.2018 - 24.05.2018
$ 2500


Course Overview:

Crude oil is the single largest traded commodity in the world. With the market proliferation of synthetic, high TAN, and extra-heavy crude oils, proper sampling, analysis, and reporting of data according to established standards is of paramount importance. Whether crude oil is refined in the near-term or stored for an extended period, it is fundamentally important that recognized procedures and standards be used in sampling and analysis.

In addition, this course is aimed at those who work with or around chemicals. Successful completion will prepare participants to look carefully at their own work activities when handling chemicals and contribute to the safer use and transport of chemicals in the workplace. It further goes on to teach the proper steps to control and reduce losses in the event of a spill.

The course covers: major components of a gas chromatography; operating principles; calibration methods; preventative maintenance; troubleshooting methods; quantitative methods; set-up procedures; and failure modes for each, along with practical examples. Preventative maintenance is also covered with an emphasis on analysis and troubleshooting methods.

Course Objectives:

        Participants will learn:

               • How representative samples are collected using automatic and manual methods.

               • About the test methods available for obtaining the data necessary to determine quantity for

                    custody transfer purposes and conformance to expected quality

               • How to evaluate the commodity for assessing handling and processing characteristics,

                    especially opportunity crude oil.

               • The challenges facing refiners and analysts as crude oil streams become heavier, and higher in

                    sulphur and acid content.

               • Describe Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)


               • Safely handle chemical containers

               • Safe storage of chemicals, protection needs and containment

               • Take actions and Precautions in the event of a spill

               • Limit a chemical spill disaster

               • Apply problem-solving steps and tools


               • Analyse information to clearly describe problems

               • Identify appropriate solutions

               • To introduce participants to Fundamentals of gas chromatography and how the individual

                    elements interrelate.

               • To be able to competently use methods on a gas chromatograph to produce robust and valid

                    analytical data.

               • To provide a knowledge of gas chromatography operation, maintenance and troubleshooting.


               • To impart the participants advance techniques and knowledge of principles of gas


               • To provide knowledge of accessories and consumables required for gas chromatography


               • To provide good laboratory practices for accurate and reliable analyses.

Who Should Attend?

    Laboratory technicians and chemists responsible for the analysis of crude oil samples for  quantity and quality purposes


                • Refinery personnel responsible for evaluating crude oil to determine their processing


               • Operating (field) personnel responsible for collecting samples will also benefit from a

                   better understanding  of how test results are directly dependent on proper sample

                   collection and handling

               • Traders and buyers involved in sale, purchase, or exchanges of crude oil.

Course Contents:

   Day One:

        Crude Oil Testing &Equipment

        (Maintain inventory, calibration and troubleshoot equipment problems)

        Introduction to crude oil testing

               • Definitions and Terms

               • Crude oil Routine Test

                              ─ APT gravity

                              ─ water cut

                              ─ BS &W

                              ─ Asphalt content

                              ─ wax content

                              ─ Viscosity & Yield point

                              ─ Salt content

                              ─ Crude oil Assay

     Day Two:

               • Waxy crude oil testing equipments

                              ─ Pour & cloud point test

                              ─ Wax crystallization temperature equipment

                              ─ Pipe loop test

                              ─ Rheology test

                              ─ Wax deposition test

               • Heavy crude oil testing equipments

                              ─ Asphalt /Resins ratio

                              ─ Asphalt deposition test

                              ─ GLC test

                              ─ Viscosity –temperature curve

               • Quality Variations and Their Causes

                              ─ The Complexities of Crude Oil Composition

                              ─ Sampling Protocols

                              ─ Sampling Containers and Sample Integrity

                              ─ Inspection Analysis (Cursory Assay)

                              ─ Comprehensive Analysis (Full Assay)

               • Basics of Crude Oil Processing Evaluation

               • Other Important Crude Oil Properties

               • Future Needs in Crude Oil Characterization

               • Challenges Presented to the Analyst by Heavier, Higher Sulphur Feedstock and Opportunity

                  Crude Oils

               • Future analytical Test Method Requirements.

     Day Three:

          Problem Solving and Management

         (Troubleshooting and problem solving of production chemistry issues, data)

               • An understanding of MSDS and how to use the data for risk assessments

               • The knowledge to predict a chemical’s behavior if released

               • The problem-solving method

               • Information gathering

               • Problem definition

               • Preparing for brainstorming

               • Generating solutions

               • Analyzing solutions


     Day Four:

               • Selecting a solution

               • Planning your next steps

               • Recording lessons learnt

               • What is a Hazardous Substance?

               • Identifying Hazardous Substances

               • Health impacts of exposure

               • Identify risks associated with chemical use

               • Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Explained

               • Personnel Protection Equipment – Overview

               • Practical Chemical Spill Demonstration

          Natural Gas Testing

          (Analyze hydrocarbon gases using gas chromatograph for gas/condensate)

          What Gas Chromatography Is

               • The System

               • The gas source

               • The inlet

               • The column

               • The detector

               • Data reduction

               • Instrument control

     Day Five:

          Separating Components

               • How a Column Separates Components

               • The basic principles of chromatography

               • Column Types

               • Capillary columns

               • Packed columns

               • Column tubing

               • Column Characteristics

               • Column efficiency

               • Gas control

               • Column resolution

               • Column selectivity

               • Capillary or Packed?

               • Column Temperature

               • Isothermal oven

               • Programmed oven

         Detecting Components

               • Thermal Conductivity (TCD)

               • How it works

               • Flame Ionization (FID)

               • How it works

               • Electron Capture (ECD)

               • How it works

          Interpreting Chromatograms

               • Peak Measurements

               • Retention time

               • Peak size

               • Integrators and data systems

               • Component Identity

               • Component Amount

               • Uncalibrated calculations

               • Area and height percent

               • Calibrated calculations

               • Normalization

               • External standard

               • Internal standard

30 Sobbhy Fahmey St. - Ard El-Golf - Heliopolis - Cairo - Egypt
Tel: +201001029959/+201066687900/+202 24199019 – Fax: +202 24170419 E-mail:
ISO 9001:2008 Certificate No. 01 100 105040 - TUV Rheinland - Germany – WWW.TUV.COM