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Arabian American Center October Training & Development
Program Title:
Advanced: Microbial Corrosion Testing Methods & Interpretation/Analysis of Water Quality
Location:
Dubai
Date:
21.10.2018 - 25.10.2018
Fees:
$ 3900

Description

Course Description

   Did you know that bio-corrosion constitutes 20-50% of corrosion-related failures in process systems? This course is designed to know more about the microbial corrosion mechanisms causing these problems. You learn how to identify microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) and more importantly, how to prevent and mitigate this integrity issue.


   This course is designed as an advanced methods of analysis of Water, Wastewater, Seawater and industrial materials using appropriate instrumentation AAS, ICP, IC etc.


   Topics include theories and criteria for interpretation of water analysis Results, sample preparation, chemical separations, spectrophotometers, chromatographs, atomic absorption spectrometer, and electrochemical instruments. Computerized data acquisition will be used.


   This course is a sequel to Quantitative instrumental Analysis and seeks to extend the participants knowledge of classical methods of chemical analysis to those dealing with instrumental methods.


Course objectives:

       By the end of this course the participant will be able to:

               • Discus mechanisms of corrosion as introduction.

               • Describe Microbiological Corrosion.

               • Discus types of organisms influencing MIC.

               • Diagnoses Microbiological corrosion.

               • Discus the procedures ofmicrobiological examinations of water and waste water in detail.

               • Control the environmental Pollutants related to MIC

               • Prevent and control MIC

               • Identify a variety of analytical instruments, their uses, capabilities and limitations.

               • Perform full analysis of Water and interpret analysis results.

               • Describe water analysis parameters according to EPA, ASTM, and APHA standards.

               • To be able to prepare standard chemical solutions, conduct sample analysis as per

                  ASTM/IP/internal test methods, interpret the results and take action on abnormal values


Who should attend?

  This course is aimed at Lab Technicians, operators, corrosion- and chemistry engineers with an interest in microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). This course is essential for those responsible for integrity of oilfield systems.


Course outlines:

      Day 1

               • Introduction to corrosion

                                Introduction to corrosion

                                fundamentals and mechanisms

                                forms of corrosion


               • Biofilm Formation

                                Biologically Active Environments

                                Biofilm Formation

                                Influence of Conditioning Films

                                Influence of the Substratum

                                Influence of the Electrolyte


               • Causative Organisms and Possible Mechanisms

               • Concentration Cells

                                Oxygen Concentration Cells

                                Metal Concentration Cells


               • Reactions within Biofilms

                                Respiration/Photosynthesis

                                Sulfide Production (Iron, Copper, Silver, Other Metals)

                                Acid Production

                                Ammonia Production

                                Metal Deposition (Manganese, Iron)

                                Metal Reduction

                                Methane Production

                                   Hydrogen Production

                                Dealloying


               • Inactivation of Corrosion Inhibitor

               • Alteration of Anion Ratios


       Day 2

               • Diagnosing Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

               • Identification of Causative Organisms

                                Culture Techniques

                                Biochemical Assays

                                Cell Activity

                                Genetic Techniques

                                Microscopy

 

                • Pit Morphology

                                Chemical Testing

                                Elemental Composition

                                Mineralogical Fingerprints

                                Isotope Fractionation


               • Electrochemical Techniques Applied to Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

               • Techniques Requiring no External Signal

                                Redox Potential

                                Open Circuit or Corrosion Potential, Ecorr

                                Electrochemical Noise Analysis (ENA)

                                Microsensors

                                Scanning Vibrating Electrode Techniques

                                Capacitance

                                Dual-Cell Technique


               • Techniques Requiring a Small External Signal

                                Polarization Resistance Technique

                                Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy


               • Large Signal Polarization

               • Concentric Ring Electrodes

               • Approaches for Monitoring Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

               • Coupon Holders

               • Zero Resistance Ammeter

               • Multi-technique Approaches

               • Electrochemical Noise Analysis

               • Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy


       Day 3

               • Impact of Alloying Elements to Susceptibility of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

               • Low Alloy Steel

               • Copper and Nickel Alloys

               • Stainless Steels

               • Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

               • Titanium and Titanium Alloys

               • Antimicrobial Metals

               • Strategies to Prevent or Mitigate Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

               • Reduce Numbers and Types of Organisms (Biocides)

               • Corrosion Inhibition by Biofilms

                                Apparent Contradictions among Researchers

                                The Stochastic Nature of Biofilms

                                Contamination and Natural Competition

                                The Influence of Nutrients on Electrochemical Measurements

                                The Influence of Nutrients on the Corrosion Mechanism


               • Alter Potential Electron Acceptors to Inhibit Specific Groups of Bacteria

               • Case Histories

               • Generic Environments

                                Subterranean

                                Atmospheric


               • Marine

               • Specific Environments

               • Water-Distribution and Storage Systems

               • Environments with Hydrocarbons


       Day 4

               • INTRODUCTION TO WATER ANALYSIS SCIENCE

                                Analytical Science Defined

                                Introduction to Analytical Chemistry

                                Basic Tools of Analytical Chemistry

                                Concentration, Molarity, Formality, Normality, and

                                The Sample

                                Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Water and Wastewater.

                                EPA, ASTM, and APHA, for analysis of Water and Wastewater.


               • INTERPRETATION OF OIL FIELD WATER ANALYSIS RESULTS

                                Physical and chemical properties of field water

                                Analysis of field water

                                Total Cations and Anions

                                pH of field water

                                Alkalinity and acidity

                                Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)

                                The Stiff-Davis index

                                Suspended Solids

                                Dissolved Gases

                                Problem-Causing  Bacteria

                                Residual Oil

                                Chromatographic Analysis

                                Structural Group Analysis

                                Heavy metals

                                Radioactivity of oil field

                                MINERAL SCALES: Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Sulfate, Barium Sulfate,

                                Scale Prevention


               • WATER SAMPLING

                                Location of sampling points

                                Sampling frequency

                                Collection of Samples

                                Types of Samples, Grab samples, Composite samples, and Integrated

                                Chain-of-Custody Procedures (COC)

                                Sampling Methods

                                Manual sampling

                                Automatic sampling

                                Sample Containers

                                Sampling Preservation and Storage

                                On sampling point preservation

                                Equipment calibrating, cleaning and maintenance


       Day 5

               • ION CHROMATOGRAPH

                                Basic Principles of Ion Exchange

                                Ion Exchangers in Ion Chromatography

                                Ion Exchange  Separations

                                Eluents for Suppressed Ion Chromatography

                                Non-suppressed Ion Chromatography

                                Eluents for Non-suppressed  Ion Chromatography


               • COLOUR MEASUREMENT

                                Sampling:

                                Sample preservation

                                Procedures


               • pH MEASUREMENT

                                Definition of pH

                                Importance of pH measurements

                                Equipment

                                Calibration of the pH meter

                                Electrode Storage

                                Sample pH Measurement


               • ALKALINITY

                                Potentiometric Methods

                                Procedure


               • FREE & TOTAL RESIDUAL CHLORINE

                                Definitions

                                CHLORINE (RESIDUAL) IODOMETRIC METHOD

                                COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF CL2 DPD METHODS


               • DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO)

                                DO METER METHOD

                                DO Meter Calibration


               • TOTAL SOLIDS AND TOTAL VOLATILE SOLIDS

                                Total Solids Procedure

                                Balance Calibration and Standardization

                                Calculations.


               • TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS AND TOTAL VOLATILE SOLIDS

                                Filter Preparation

                                TSS Procedure


               • OIL AND GREASE IR Methods

                                Introduction

                                SPAN calibration

                                OCP standard


               • PARTICLES COUNTING AND SIZING

                                Coulter counter

                                Coulter principle

                                Aperture format

                                Flow cell format

                                Experimental considerations


               • BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (5 days)

                                Introduction

                                Definition

                                Technique


               • HACH SPECTROPHOTOMETERS TEST KITS

               • CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD)

                                COD Theory

                                Closed Reflux, Colorimetric Method

                                COD REACTOR AND SPECTROPHOTOMETER


               • TOTAL COLIFORMS

                                Introduction

                                The Membrane Filter (MF) technique

                                Sample bottles and Dilution bottles


               • TURBIDITY AND TURBIDIMETERS

                                Introduction

                                Turbidity meter

                                NTU unit

                                Calibration


               • CONDUCTIVITY METERS AND CALCULATED TDS

                                Introduction and Theory of Conductivity meter

                                Calibration

                                TDS and Conductivity Relationship


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