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Arabian American Center October Training & Development
Program Title:
Advanced Water Testing and Chemical Treatment
Location:
Cairo
Date:
21.10.2018 - 25.10.2018
Fees:
$ 2750

Description

Course Description

  Water for different purposes has its own requirements as to composition and purity. Each body of water needs to be analyzed on a regular basis to confirm to suitability. The types of analysis could vary from simple field testing for a single analyte to laboratory based multi-component instrumental analysis. The measurement of water quality is a very exacting and time consuming process, and a large number of quantitative analytical methods are used for this purpose.

 

  This course is designed as an advanced methods of analysis of Water, Wastewater, Seawaterand industrial materials using appropriate instrumentation AAS, ICP, IC etc.

 

  In addition, This Course is Designed for a wide range of oil and gas production personnel from senior management to those new to the industry, the course form an overview into the role of chemistry in oil and gas production, and how additives and chemicals can be applied to combat natural production challenges Through Field Trials.


Course Objectives

          By the end of this course the participant will be able to;

               • Identify a variety of analytical instruments, their uses, capabilities and limitations.

               • Describe water analysis parameters according to EPA, ASTM, and APHA standards.

               • To be able to prepare standard chemical solutions, conduct sample analysis as per

                    ASTM/IP/internal test methods, interpret the results and take action on abnormal values

               • Interpret all analytical parameters in water, wastewater and seawater by using modern

                  technique of laboratory instrumentation, Spectroscopy, Atomic Absorption (AA)spectroscopy,

                 ion chromatography, ICP, and others.

               • Evaluate different instrumental methods, based on such factors as sensitivity, time required,

                  selectivity, purchase cost of instruments involved, etc.

 

               • Demonstrate appropriate use of instrumentation by developing a working knowledge and

                  control of the operating parameters associated with each instrument studied; andGood

                  laboratory practices GLPS

               • Acquire practical Knowledge of application and optimization of each chemical.

               • Acquire practical Knowledge development and design of chemical injection plan.

               • Acquire practical Knowledge for controlled use of chemicals.

               • Describe oilfield Chemicals, compositions and properties needed for equipment selection and

                   sizing

               • How to evaluate Chemicals and how to calculate the optimum dosing rates of each.

               • How to recognize and develop solutions to operating problems in oil/water processing facilities


Who should attend?

               • Chemical laboratory staff, chemists and high level lab Technicians in Oil fields, power stations,

                 water treatment stations, and refineries, etc.

               • Water Treatment Engineers and Operators.


Course Outline

              1. INTRODUCTION TO WATER ANALYSIS SCIENCE

                            1.1. Analytical Science Defined

                            1.2. Introduction to Analytical Chemistry

                            1.3. Basic Tools of Analytical Chemistry

                            1.4. Concentration, Molarity, Formality, Normality, and

                            1.5. The Sample

                            1.6. Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Water and Wastewater.

                            1.7. EPA, ASTM, and APHA, for analysis of Water and Wastewater.


              2. INTERPRETATION OF WATER ANALYSIS RESULTS

                            2.1. Physical and chemical properties of field water

                            2.2. Analysis of field water

                            2.3. Total Cations and Anions

                            2.4. pH of field water

                            2.5. Alkalinity and acidity

                            2.6. Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)

                            2.7. The Stiff-Davis index

                            2.8. Suspended Solids

                            2.9. Dissolved Gases

                          2.10. Problem-Causing  Bacteria

                          2.11. Residual Oil

                          2.12. Chromatographic Analysis

                          2.13. Structural Group Analysis

                          2.14. Heavy metals

                          2.15. Radioactivity of oil field

                          2.16. MINERAL SCALES: Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Sulfate, Barium Sulfate,

                          2.17. Scale Prevention


              3. WATER SAMPLING

                            3.1. Location of sampling points

                            3.2. Sampling frequency

                            3.3. Collection of Samples

                            3.4. Types of Samples, Grab samples, Composite samples, and Integrated

                            3.5. Chain-of-Custody Procedures (COC)

                            3.6. Sampling Methods

                            3.7. Manual sampling

                            3.8. Automatic sampling

                            3.9. Sample Containers

                          3.10. Sampling Preservation and Storage

                          3.11. On sampling point preservation

                          3.12. Equipment calibrating, cleaning and maintenance


              4. INSTRUMENTAL WATER ANALYSIS

                            4.1. Review of the Analytical Strategy

                            4.2. Instrumental Analysis Methods

                            4.3. Basics of Instrumental Measurement

                            4.4. Details of Calibration

                            4.5. Preparation of Standards

                            4.6. Blanks and Controls

                            4.7. Effects of Sample Pretreatment on Calculations

                            4.8. Laboratory Data Acquisition and Information Management


              5. SPECTROCHEMICAL METHODS

                            5.1. Introduction

                            5.2. Characterizing Light

                            5.3. The Electromagnetic Spectrum

                            5.4. Absorption and Emission of Light

                            5.5. Absorbance, Transmittance, and Beer’s Law

                            5.6. Effect of Concentration on Spectra

                            5.7. UV-VIS and IR Molecular Spectrometry

                            5.8. UV-VIS Instrumentation

                            5.9. IR Instrumentation for Oil and Grease and Petroleum Hydrocarbons.


              6. ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY (AAS)

                            6.1. Flame Atomic Absorption, Na+, K+, Ba++, and Heavy Metals etc.

                            6.2. Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption

                            6.3. Inductively Coupled Plasma ICP, introduction, technique, and applications.


              7. ION CHROMATOGRAPH (IC)

                            7.1. Basic Principles of Ion Exchange

                            7.2. Ion Exchangers in Ion Chromatography

                            7.3. Ion Exchange  Separations

                            7.4. Eluents for Suppressed Ion Chromatography

                            7.5. Non-suppressed Ion Chromatography

                            7.6. Eluents for Non-suppressed  Ion Chromatography


              8. Inductively Coupled Plasmas (ICP)

                            8.1. Fundamental Principles of Inductively Coupled Plasmas

                            8.2. Strengths and weaknesses of ICP-AES

                            8.3. Temperature and electron number densities observed in analytical ICPs

                            8.4. Basic Concepts and Instrumentation for Plasma Spectrometry

                                                 - Detection limits and sensitivity

                                                 - ICP-Atomic emission spectrometry

                                                 - Limits of detection

                                                 - Axial systems

                                                 - The sample introduction system

                                                 - Detectors

                                                 - Accuracy and precision

                                                 - Instrumental drift

                                                 - Matrix effects

                                                 - Plasma effects

                                                 - Spectral effects, interferences and background correction

                                                 - Dynamic range

                                                 - Multi-element capability and selectivity

 

              9. COLOUR MEASUREMENT

                            9.1. Sampling:

                            9.2. Sample preservation

                            9.3. Procedures


            10. pH MEASUREMENT

                          10.1. Definition of pH

                          10.2. Importance of pH measurements

                          10.3. Equipment

                          10.4. Calibration of the pH meter

                          10.5. Electrode Storage

                          10.6. Sample pH Measurement


            11. ALKALINITY

                          11.1. Potentiometric Methods

                          11.2. Procedure

 

            12. FREE &TOTAL RESIDUAL CHLORINE

                          12.1. Definitions

                          12.2. CHLORINE (RESIDUAL) IODOMETRIC METHOD

                          12.3. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF CL2 DPD METHODS


            13. DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO)

                          13.1. DO METER METHOD

                          13.2. DO Meter Calibration


            14. TOTAL SOLIDS AND TOTAL VOLATILE SOLIDS

                          14.1. Total Solids Procedure

                          14.2.Balance Calibration and Standardization

                          14.3. Calculations.


            15. TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS AND TOTAL VOLATILE SOLIDS

                          15.1. Filter Preparation

                          15.2. TSS Procedure


            16. OIL AND GREASE IR Methods

                          16.1. Introduction

                          16.2. SPAN calibration

                          16.3. OCP standard


            17. PARTICLES COUNTING AND SIZING

                          17.1. Coulter counter

                          17.2. Coulter principle

                          17.3. Aperture format

                          17.4. Flow cell format

                          17.5. Experimental considerations


            18. BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (5 days)

                          18.1. Introduction

                          18.2. Definition

                          18.3. Technique


            19. HACH SPECTROPHOTOMETERS TEST KITS

            20. CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD)

                          20.1. COD Theory

                          20.2. Closed Reflux, Colorimetric Method

                          20.3. COD REACTOR AND SPECTROPHOTOMETER


            21. TOTAL COLIFORMS

                          21.1. Introduction

                          21.2. The Membrane Filter (MF) technique

                          21.3. Sample bottles and Dilution bottles


            22. TURBIDITY AND TURBIDIMETERS

                          22.1. Introduction

                          22.2. Turbidity meter

                          22.3. NTU unit

                          22.4. Calibration


            23. CONDUCTIVITY METERS AND CALCULATED TDS

                          23.1. Introduction and Theory of Conductivity meter

                          23.2. Calibration

                          23.3. TDS and Conductivity Relationship


            24. CHEMICAL TREATMENT IN WATER PLANT

                          24.1. Colloidal Mater

                          24.2. Emulsion and Suspension

                          24.3. Stocks Law

                          24.4. Types of Emulsions

                          24.5. Demulsifiers

                          24.6. Oil/Water Separators

                          24.7. Optimum Dosing Of Chemicals

                          24.8. Antiscalants

                          24.9. Corrosion Inhibitors

                        24.10. Coagulants

                        24.11. Biocides

                        24.12. Oxygen Scavengers

                        24.13. Disinfectants  


            25. SEAWATER ANALYSIS

                          25.1. Sampling and Storage

                          25.2. Determination of Anions

                          25.3. Anions in Estuary and Coastal Waters

                          25.4. Dissolved Gases in Seawater

                          25.5. Cations in Seawater

                          25.6. Cations in Estuary, Bay, and Coastal Waters

                          25.7. Ion-Selective Electrodes

                          25.8. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

                          25.9. COD in Seawater

                        25.10. BOD5 in Seawater



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