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Arabian American Center Details Training & Development
Program Title:
Advanced: Crude Oil Testing & Interpretation/Analysis of Water Quality Specification
Location:
Dubai
Date:
07.07.2019 - 11.07.2019
Fees:
$ 3900

Description

Course Description:

   Crude oil is the single largest traded commodity in the world. With the market proliferation of synthetic, high TAN, and extra-heavy crude oils, proper sampling, analysis, and reporting of data according to established standards is of paramount importance. Whether crude oil is refined in the near-term or stored for an extended period, it is fundamentally important that recognized procedures and standards be used in sampling and analysis.


   Water for different purposes has its own requirements as to composition and purity. Each body of water needs to be analyzed on a regular basis to confirm to suitability. The types of analysis could vary from simple field testing for a single analyte to laboratory based multi-component instrumental analysis. The measurement of water quality is a very exacting and time consuming process, and a large number of quantitative analytical methods are used for this purpose.


   This course is also designed as an advanced methods of analysis of Water, Wastewater, Seawater and industrial materials using appropriate instrumentation AAS, ICP, IC etc.


Course Objective:

             1. How representative samples are collected using automatic and manual methods.

             2. About the test methods available for obtaining the data necessary to determine quantity for

                custody transfer purposes and conformance to expected quality

             3. How to evaluate the commodity for assessing handling and processing characteristics,

                  especially opportunity crude oil.

             4. The challenges facing refiners and analysts as crude oil streams become heavier, and higher in

                  sulphur and acid content.

             5. Identify a variety of analytical instruments, their uses, capabilities and limitations.

 

             6. Describe water analysis parameters according to EPA, ASTM, and APHA standards.

             7. To be able to prepare standard chemical solutions, conduct sample analysis as per

                    ASTM/IP/internal test methods, interpret the results and take action on abnormal values

             8. Interpret all analytical parameters in water, wastewater and seawater by using modern

                  technique of laboratory instrumentation, Spectroscopy, Atomic Absorption (AA)

                  spectroscopy, ion chromatography, ICP, and others.

             9. Evaluate different instrumental methods, based on such factors as sensitivity, time required,

                  selectivity, purchase cost of instruments involved, etc.

           10. Demonstrate appropriate use of instrumentation by developing a working knowledge and

                   control of the operating parameters associated with each instrument studied; and Good

                   laboratory practices GLPS


Target Audience

               • Chemical laboratory staff, chemists and high level lab Technicians in Oil fields, power stations,

                   water treatment stations, and refineries, etc.

               • Water Treatment Operators.


Training Methodology

   Training methodology will include detail explanation of the subject Course material through power point equipped with necessary animation, learning video and general discussion to provide participant with full understanding concerning the subject course this not limited but will extended to the following:

              1. Learning videos

              2. General discussion

              3. Practical session if any

              4. Learning examples

              5. Syndicate groups

              6. Work shop & case study

              7. Pre & Post Test to be conducted before and after the course

              8. Evaluation to be conducted upon course completion

              9. Percentage of delivery methodologies:

                               a. 55% as presentation

                               b. 25% as group & individual exercise

                               c. 10% case study

                               d. 05% movies and videos

                               e. 05% assignment or project


Course Contents:

      Day 1:

             1. Introduction to crude oil testing

             2. Definitions and Terms

             3. Crude oil Routine Test

                            3.1. APT gravity

                            3.2. water cut

                            3.3. BS &W

                            3.4. Asphalt content

                            3.5. wax content

                            3.6. Viscosity & Yield point

                            3.7. Salt content

                            3.8. Crude oil Assay


             4. Waxy crude oil testing equipment

                            4.1. Pour & cloud point test

                            4.2. Wax crystallization temperature equipment

                            4.3. Pipe loop test

                            4.4. Rheology test

                            4.5. Wax deposition test


      Day 2:

             5. Heavy crude oil testing equipment

                            5.1. Asphalt /Resins ratio

                            5.2. Asphalt deposition test

                            5.3. GLC test

                            5.4. Viscosity –temperature curve


             6. Quality Variations and Their Causes

                            6.1. The Complexities of Crude Oil Composition

                            6.2. Sampling Protocols

                            6.3. Sampling Containers and Sample Integrity

                            6.4. Inspection Analysis (Cursory Assay)

                            6.5. Comprehensive Analysis (Full Assay)


             7. Basics of Crude Oil Processing Evaluation

             8. Other Important Crude Oil Properties

             9. Future Needs in Crude Oil Characterization

           10. Challenges Presented to the Analyst by Heavier, Higher Sulphur Feedstock and Opportunity

                   Crude Oils

           11. Future analytical Test Method Requirements.


      Day 3:

           12. INTRODUCTION TO WATER ANALYSIS SCIENCE

                          12.1. Analytical Science Defined

                          12.2. Introduction to Analytical Chemistry

                          12.3. Basic Tools of Analytical Chemistry

                          12.4. Concentration, Molarity, Formality, Normality, and

                          12.5. The Sample

                          12.6. Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Water and Wastewater.

                          12.7. EPA, ASTM, and APHA, for analysis of Water and Wastewater.


           13. INTERPRETATION OF OIL FIELD WATER ANALYSIS RESULTS

                          13.1.  Physical and chemical properties of field water

                          13.2. Analysis of field water

                          13.3. Total Cations and Anions

                          13.4. pH of field water

                          13.5. Alkalinity and acidity

                          13.6. Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)

                          13.7. The Stiff-Davis index

                          13.8. Suspended Solids

                          13.9. Dissolved Gases

                        13.10. Problem-Causing  Bacteria

                        13.11. Residual Oil

                        13.12. Chromatographic Analysis

                        13.13. Structural Group Analysis

                        13.14. Heavy metals

                        13.15. Radioactivity of oil field

                        13.16. MINERAL SCALES: Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Sulfate, Barium Sulfate,

                        13.17. Scale Prevention


            14. WATER SAMPLING

                          14.1. Location of sampling points

                          14.2. Sampling frequency

                          14.3. Collection of Samples

                          14.4. Types of Samples, Grab samples, Composite samples, and Integrated

                          14.5. Chain-of-Custody Procedures (COC)

                          14.6. Sampling Methods

                          14.7. Manual sampling

                          14.8. Automatic sampling

                          14.9. Sample Containers

                        14.10. Sampling Preservation and Storage

                        14.11. On sampling point preservation

                        14.12. Equipment calibrating, cleaning and maintenance


           15. INSTRUMENTAL WATER ANALYSIS

                          15.1. Review of the Analytical Strategy

                          15.2. Instrumental Analysis Methods

                          15.3. Basics of Instrumental Measurement

                          15.4. Details of Calibration

                          15.5. Preparation of Standards

                          15.6. Blanks and Controls

                          15.7. Effects of Sample Pretreatment on Calculations

                          15.8. Laboratory Data Acquisition and Information Management


           16. SPECTROCHEMICAL METHODS

                          16.1. Introduction

                          16.2. Characterizing Light

                          16.3. The Electromagnetic Spectrum

                          16.4. Absorption and Emission of Light

                          16.5. Absorbance, Transmittance, and Beer’s Law

                          16.6. Effect of Concentration on Spectra

                          16.7. UV-VIS and IR Molecular Spectrometry

                          16.8. UV-VIS Instrumentation

                          16.9. IR Instrumentation for Oil and Grease and Petroleum Hydrocarbons.


           17. ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY

                          17.1. Flame Atomic Absorption, Na+, K+, Ba++, and Heavy Metals etc.

                          17.2. Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption

                          17.3. Inductively Coupled Plasma ICP, introduction, technique, and applications.


      Day 4:

           18. ION CHROMATOGRAPH

                          18.1. Basic Principles of Ion Exchange

                          18.2. Ion Exchangers in Ion Chromatography

                          18.3. Ion Exchange  Separations

                          18.4. Eluents for Suppressed Ion Chromatography

                          18.5. Non-suppressed Ion Chromatography

                          18.6. Eluents for Non-suppressed  Ion Chromatography


           19. COLOUR MEASUREMENT

                          19.1. Sampling:

                          19.2. Sample preservation

                          19.3. Procedures


           20. pH MEASUREMENT

                          20.1. Definition of pH

                          20.2. Importance of pH measurements

                          20.3. Equipment

                          20.4. Calibration of the pH meter

                          20.5. Electrode Storage

                          20.6. Sample pH Measurement


           21. ALKALINITY

                          21.1. Potentiometric Methods

                          21.2. Procedure


           22. FREE & TOTAL RESIDUAL CHLORINE

                          22.1. Definitions

                          22.2. CHLORINE (RESIDUAL) IODOMETRIC METHOD

                          22.3. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF CL2 DPD METHODS


           23. DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO)

                          23.1. DO METER METHOD

                          23.2. DO Meter Calibration


           24.  TOTAL SOLIDS AND TOTAL VOLATILE SOLIDS

                          24.1. Total Solids Procedure

                          24.2. Balance Calibration and Standardization

                          24.3. Calculations.


           25. TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS AND TOTAL VOLATILE SOLIDS

                          25.1. Filter Preparation

                          25.2. TSS Procedure


          26. OIL AND GREASE IR Methods

                          26.1. Introduction

                          26.2. SPAN calibration

                          26.3. OCP standard


           27. PARTICLES COUNTING AND SIZING

                          27.1. Coulter counter

                          27.2. Coulter principle

                          27.3. Aperture format

                          27.4. Flow cell format

                          27.5. Experimental considerations


      Day 5:

           28. BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (5 days)

                          28.1. Introduction

                          28.2. Definition

                          28.3. Technique

 

            29. HACH SPECTROPHOTOMETERS TEST KITS

            30. CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD)

                          30.1. COD Theory

                          30.2. Closed Reflux, Colorimetric Method

                          30.3. COD REACTOR AND SPECTROPHOTOMETER


            31. TOTAL COLIFORMS

                          31.1. Introduction

                          31.2. The Membrane Filter (MF) technique

                          31.3. Sample bottles and Dilution bottles


            32. TURBIDITY AND TURBIDIMETERS

                          32.1. Introduction

                          32.2. Turbidity meter

                          32.3. NTU unit

                          32.4. Calibration


            33. CONDUCTIVITY METERS AND CALCULATED TDS

                          33.1. Introduction and Theory of Conductivity meter

                          33.2. Calibration

                          33.3. TDS and Conductivity Relationship


            34. CHEMICAL TREATMENT IN WATER PLANT

                          34.1. Colloidal Mater

                          34.2. Emulsion and Suspension

                          34.3. Stocks Law

                          34.4. Types of Emulsions

                          34.5. Demulsifiers

                          34.6. Oil/Water Separators

                          34.7. Optimum Dosing Of Chemicals

                          34.8. Antiscalants

                          34.9.  Corrosion Inhibitors

                        34.10. Coagulants

                        34.11. Biocides

                        34.12. Oxygen Scavengers

                        34.13. Disinfectants  


            35. SEAWATER ANALYSIS

                          35.1. Sampling and Storage

                          35.2. Determination of Anions

                          35.3. Anions in Estuary and Coastal Waters

                          35.4. Dissolved Gases in Seawater

                          35.5. Cations in Seawater

                          35.6. Cations in Estuary, Bay, and Coastal Waters

                          35.7. Ion-Selective Electrodes

                          35.8. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

                          35.9. COD in Seawater

                        35.10. BOD5 in Seawater


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