Arabian American Center Details Training & Development
Program Title:
Crude Oil and Water Analyses and Equipment
28.06.2020 - 02.07.2020
$ 3900


Course Overview :

   This course interested in qualifying participants to all Crude Oil test methods according to all organizations such as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in the United States and the Institute of Petroleum (IP, London, U.K.) whose  have made significant contributions in developing standard test methods for the analyses of petroleum products. The course includes preparing of Standard solutions and all Modern analytical aspects.

   In addition, this course is designed to discuss the methods, equipment and tolls used for water quality parameters and testing Technologies. The course includes all aspects related to Pressure Maintenance Plants (PMP), HP injection systems, Seawater Treatment Plant, Central Injection Pumping Facility (SWTP, CIPF & CIPF Extension) and application in Process plant for improving water quality parameters and Salt water disposal.

Course Objectives:

      Participants will learn:

               • Apply ASTM/IP test methods of crude oil starting with sampling, ending with results and data


               • Operate testing equipment as per manufacturer procedures and calibration and maintenance.  

               • Explain differences in international standards used as references for crude oil and water tests

               • How representative samples are collected using automatic and manual methods.

               • About the test methods available for obtaining the data necessary to determine quantity for

                   custody transfer purposes and conformance to expected quality


               • How to evaluate the commodity for assessing handling and processing characteristics,

                   especially opportunity crude oil.

               • The challenges facing refiners and analysts as crude oil streams become heavier, and higher in

                    sulphur and acid content.

               • Describe water analysis parameters according to EPA, ASTM, and APHA standards.

               • Interpret all analytical parameters in water, wastewater and seawater by using modern

                  technique of laboratory instrumentation, Spectroscopy, Atomic Absorption (AA) spectroscopy,

                  ion chromatography, ICP, and others.

               • Describe Analytical chemistry methods and Instruments technique

               • Describe chemistry of Water, Produced water, Seawater

               • Use all methods for calibration.

Who Should Attend:

               • Laboratory technicians and chemists responsible for the analysis of crude oil samples

                     for quantity and quality purposes

               • Laboratory technicians and chemists responsible for water analyses and chemical


               • Refinery personnel responsible for evaluating crude oil to determine their processing


               • Operating (field) personnel responsible for collecting samples will also benefit from a

                   better understanding of how test results are directly dependent on proper sample collection

                   and handling

               • Traders and buyers involved in sale, purchase, or exchanges of crude oil.

Course Outline :

      Day One:

           Introduction to crude oil testing

               • Definitions and Terms

               • Crude oil Routine Test

                                APT gravity

                                water cut

                                BS &W

                                Asphalt content

                                wax content

                                Viscosity & Yield point

                                Salt content

                                Crude oil Assay

               • Waxy crude oil testing equipments

                                Pour & cloud point test

                                Wax crystallization temperature equipment

                                Pipe loop test

                                Rheology test

                                Wax deposition test

     Day Two:

               • Heavy crude oil testing equipments

                                Asphalt /Resins ratio

                                Asphalt deposition test

                                GLC test

                                Viscosity –temperature curve

               • Quality Variations and Their Causes

                                The Complexities of Crude Oil Composition

                                Sampling Protocols

                                Sampling Containers and Sample Integrity

                                Inspection Analysis (Cursory Assay)

                                Comprehensive Analysis (Full Assay)

               • Basics of Crude Oil Processing Evaluation

               • Other Important Crude Oil Properties

               • Future Needs in Crude Oil Characterization

               • Challenges Presented to the Analyst by Heavier, Higher Sulphur Feedstock and Opportunity

                   Crude Oils

               • Future analytical Test Method Requirements.

       Day Three:


                                Methods of analysis

                                Titration methods

                                Chromatography technique (GC and HPLC)

                                Spectroscopy technique

                                Instrument analysis data

                                Interpolated graph calibration using external/ internal standards

              2. Water and Produced  Water Analysis Science

                                Analytical Science Defined

                                Introduction to Analytical Chemistry

                                Basic Tools of Analytical Chemistry

                                Concentration, Molarity, Formality, Normality, and

                                The Sample

                                Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Water and Wastewater.

                                EPA, ASTM, and APHA, for analysis of Water and Wastewater.

              3. Sampling technique

                                Sampling technique at Injection Wells

                                Surface facilities Sampling Technique

              4. Instrumental Water Analysis

                                Review of the Analytical Strategy

                                Instrumental Analysis Methods

                                Basics of Instrumental Measurement

                                Details of Calibration

                                Preparation of Standards

                                Blanks and Controls

                                Effects of Sample Pretreatment on Calculations

                                Laboratory Data Acquisition and Information Management

              5. Water Analysis Techniques in Oil and Gas Industies

                                Preparation of standard solutions for different water analysis             

                                Calibration of all water testing instruments                     

                                 Aware of standard specifications for critical parameters for effluent water, sea

                                  water and injection wells, analyse test results   

                                Knowledge of Chemicals for Crude, sea water and effluent water     

                                Functional knowledge on reagents and chemicals for water analysis

                                General laboratory safety procedures

       Day Four:

              6. Spectrochemical Methods

                                Introduction

                                Characterizing Light

                                The Electromagnetic Spectrum

                                Absorption and Emission of Light

                                Absorbance, Transmittance, and Beer’s Law

                                Effect of Concentration on Spectra

                                UV-VIS and IR Molecular Spectrometry

                                UV-VIS Instrumentation

                                IR Instrumentation for Oil and Grease and Petroleum Hydrocarbons.

              7. Atomic Spectroscopy

                                Flame Atomic Absorption, Na+, K+, Ba++, and Heavy Metals etc.

                                Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption

                                Inductively Coupled Plasma ICP, introduction, technique, and applications.

              8. Ion Chromatograph

                                Basic Principles of Ion Exchange

                                Ion Exchangers in Ion Chromatography

                                Ion Exchange  Separations

                                Eluents for Suppressed Ion Chromatography

                                Non-suppressed Ion Chromatography

                                Eluents for Non-suppressed  Ion Chromatography

              9. COLOUR MEASUREMENT

                                Sampling:

                                Sample preservation

                                Procedures

            10. pH MEASUREMENT

                                Definition of pH

                                Importance of pH measurements

                                Equipment

                                Calibration of the pH meter

                                Electrode Storage

                                Sample pH Measurement

            11. ALKALINITY

                                Potentiometric Methods

                                Procedure


                                Definitions

                                CHLORINE (RESIDUAL) IODOMETRIC METHOD

            13. DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO)

                                DO METER METHOD

                                DO Meter Calibration


                                Total Solids Procedure

                                Balance Calibration and Standardization

                                Calculations.


                                Filter Preparation

                                TSS Procedure

            16. OIL AND GREASE IR Methods

                                Introduction

                                SPAN calibration

                                OCP standard

       Day Five:

            17. BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (5 days)

                                Introduction

                                Definition

                                Technique

            18. HACH spectrophotometers Test Kits

                                Chemical oxygen demand (COD)

                                COD Theory

                                Closed Reflux, Colorimetric Method

                                COD reactor and spectrophotometer

            19. Turbidity and Turbidimeters

                                Introduction

                                Turbidity meter

                                NTU unit

                                Calibration

            20. Conductivity meters and Calculated TDS

                                Introduction and Theory of Conductivity meter

                                Calibration


                                Physical and chemical properties of field water

                                Analysis of field water

                                Total Cations and Anions

                                pH of field water

                                Alkalinity and acidity

                                Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)

                                The Stiff-Davis index

                                Suspended Solids

                                Dissolved Gases

                                Problem-Causing  Bacteria

                                Residual Oil

                                Chromatographic Analysis

                                Heavy metals

                                Radioactivity of oil field

                                MINERAL SCALES: Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Sulfate, Barium Sulfate,  Scale


            21. Seawater Analysis

                                Sampling and Storage

                                Determination of Anions

                                Anions in Estuary and Coastal Waters

                                Dissolved Gases in Seawater

                                Cations in Seawater

                                Cations in Estuary, Bay, and Coastal Waters

                                Ion-Selective Electrodes

                                High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

                                COD in Seawater

                                BOD5 in Seawater

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